Rosacea is a chronic condition that affects each individual differently. Symptoms most often present on the face, but may appear on the neck, chest, back, or eyes as well. Though there are many symptoms, among the most common is blushing or persistent facial redness. Blushing occurs when redness comes and goes, but persistent facial redness is more common and may be the earliest sign of rosacea. Facial redness may or may not be accompanied by papules (small red bumps) or pustules (pus-filled bumps. The area in which redness occurs often feels warm and/or the individual experiences a stinging sensation. Furthermore, small blood vessels may eventually become visible on the skin.
There are four different subtypes of rosacea. An individual with rosacea may experience just one of the subtypes or they may experience a combination of two or more.
- Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea – signs include facial flushing, persistent redness, and visible blood vessels.
- Papulopustular rosacea – signs include redness accompanied by papules and pustules that may come and go. Affected area may be sensitive and the individual can experience a burning or stinging sensation.
- Phymatous rosacea - signs include thickening and bumpy texture of the skin. Though most common on the nose, it may appear on other areas of the face as well. Skin can appear oily and pores may appear enlarged.
- Occular Rosacea – affects the eyes. Signs include dry eyes, swollen eyelids, and itchiness.
Rosacea treatment typically includes a topical cream as well as an emollient to repair damaged skin. In some cases, oral antibiotics may be prescribed in along with tropical creams. Sunscreen is often recommended as affected skin may be more sensitive to UV exposure. Lastly, here at Rose dermatology we offer Laser treatment and micro-needling specifically for rosacea patients.